England is a part of the UK which is a multi-nation and a land of diversity. England culture points to the early English civilization. Although this country has come a long way, there are still roots of the ‘English.’ The fact is, this country has a strong influence on the cultures around the world. The UK includes Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales, and England.
All of these nations have the same currencies, laws, and regulations, but specific cultural differences exist. England is continuously becoming multicultural and more diverse. Factors like migration have certainly affected the culture of the nation. There is a lot more to the people of England than just their accent.
There is no sign of doubt that, like every nation in the world, this place too has its unique culture that roots back in time. When it comes to the development of culture, England is an influential center.
This country is full of surprises from history, architecture, music, art, clothing, people, monuments, and legends. If you are looking forward to knowing more about the culture of England then this post has got it covered for you.
A myriad of people is not familiar with the fact that England has been home to most of the philosophies that prevail in the world. Additionally, the popular English thinkers, namely Francis Bacon, Newton, and Charles Darwin, are from England. The best part about this culture is that it is filled with wonderful colours, values, traditions, rituals, customs, food habits, or much more.
Languages and Dialects
The majority of the people in England speak English. However, English is still not the official language of England or the UK. Apart from this, there are several other languages here that people prefer to speak. English is strongly present in England, especially but this was not always the case.
Back in time, French was a language for the upper class whereas English was for the lower class people. Scots is another popular language that is prominent in England. Indigenous languages like Angloromani, Shelta, Iris and Cornish speakers are also present in the nation.
This country is one of the biggest hubs when it comes to immigration. If we talk about the most famous immigrant language here then it is Polish. Moreover, immigrants from India and Pakistan reside in England in a high number, so languages like Hindi, Urdu, and Gujarati are quite popular too.
French and Arabic languages are also spoken here but the number of speakers is low compared to English. Moreover, there are different types of spoken English in England such as Northern English dialects and Southern English dialects. 98% of the UK population speaks and understands English quite well.
The Uniqueness of Architecture
Coming to the architectural remnants of this culture, we will first talk about Neolithic monuments like Stonehenge. UK architectural history mainly connects with the medieval period. Reflecting the supremacy of architecture, in England, most of the ancient churches were built with giant stones. Apart from these, castles are the main crux, whether it is Carrickfergus Castle in Ireland or Caernarfon Castle in Wales. Also, Windsor Castle is the largest castle in the world.
More than that, the Great Fire of London, Buckingham Palace, Roman Baths, Blackpool Tower, St Paul’s Cathedral are some of the globally renowned monuments of the UK. The housing style of England is more inclined towards small and closed spaces. Finding villas in England is a rare thing since the entire genre of architecture is planned according to a widespread portion of the population.
All in all, this culture is filled with a decent variety of different monuments. Well, we can definitely say that architecture out there is really planned according to the requirements of the residents.
The Legacy of Food
The first thing that comes to mind when we think about this culture is tea and biscuits. Also, from Christmas turkeys to Easter eggs, England has given the world a lot of great food. Breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea, and dinner is the routine of the people of England. The nation is extremely famous for its desserts like puddings.
Pie and mash, fish and chips, and Shepherd’s pie are some of the greatest gifts of England to the world. Cream tea, falafel, and cornish pasty are other famous dishes of English culture.
Here most people carry packed lunch boxes in schools and offices. This is quite popular in England as they believe in eating healthy.
Not only is the nation famous for its awesome taste but it also has unique names for dishes. Eton Mess, steak, and kidney pie are some examples of the ultimate dishes of England. By the way, research reveals that the food culture in England is changing drastically.
If you plan to visit this place anytime soon, ensure that you know a lot about cooking. Roast dinner, haggis, pigs in blanket, faggots, trifle, and toad in the hole are some dishes that you must try out in England.
Scotland and Wales in the UK do have national clothes but surprisingly, England does not have any. Several people have a perception that overcoats, bowler hats and suits are the common clothing patterns in England culture but it is not so. These clothes were very popular in the 7th century. Today, clothes are similar to those around the world.
Individuals have their dressing style from jeans, tees, shirts, dresses, heels, and sneakers. As the weather in England can be unpredictable, one must check it before researching the place. Dress according to the weather and you can blend in easily with the residents.
Fashion in thisculture is not very chic but it is not lazy as well. If you are confused then always opt for a dressy outfit rather than going casual. Businesses may have certain dress codes for their employees. Other than that, everyone can dress up according to their choice, likes, and dislikes.
From denim, skinny jeans, floral dresses to sweatpants, joggers, and activewear, the fashion remains the same like it is in all cultures. Country clothing continues to modernize with changing times and the clothing patterns keep evolving.
The Religious Beliefs
England is a multicultural and multi-faith society that comprises people who believe in different religions and those who don’t. This society is made up of Christians, Hindus, Muslims, Jews, Sikhs, and several other faiths, and Christianity is the most popular religion prevailing in England.
Although the number of Christians is continuously decreasing in England, the people practicing this religion remain the majority. The second-largest religion is that of Muslims. Moreover, 25% of the population of England follows no religion. Churches have a strong influence on the public schools where Christianity has a powerful presence.
Buddhists also prevail in a significant number in England. One can see from the statistics that the population is very diverse in this country. If we talk about thisculture, then this nation’s official religion is Christianity, and the Catholic, Protestant, Baptist, and Methodist are some church denominations found in England.
The best thing about this country is that everyone has the freedom to practice any religion or follow no religion at all. Plus, the religious laws in the nation are diverse and take care of all cultures. Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Judaism, and other religions have their individual religious laws in the country.
The Enthusiasm for Sports
Football is undoubtedly the prominent game in England. There are more than a hundred football teams that prevail in the nation. With exciting tournaments all year round, the world has its eyes on the football games of England. Cricket is the next famous sport that is taken very seriously in England.
Apart from this, cricket is the national sport of the UK as well. With 18 country clubs present, each club’s name has a historic meaning. The cricket team plays within the country and with international teams too.
Rugby is another sport that is extremely popular here in the country. This sport is further divided into two parts: Rugby Union and Rugby League. However, the two types are different in rules and the number of players. There are several challenges and leagues that go on throughout the year.
If we talk about racket sports, then Badminton tops in popularity. Plus, the Badminton Federation of England supports 41 countries in the league structure.
Individual sports like boxing, horse racing, and tennis are quite prominent in England as well. All these sports are participant sports but are evolving as great spectator sports too. England does not have any official sport, but cricket is highly loved there.
The Style of Greeting
The way of greeting each other is quite different in thisculture. People greet each other informally in social settings. Whether people meet someone new or already know someone, they greet each other using their first name.
Handshake is yet another common way of greeting each other. The handshake is not too firm, not too lousy, but just the right amount of firm. Close friends and relatives often hug each other or nod slightly with a smile to greet.
Also, people in England do not ask many questions while meeting someone. In the formal environment, a firm handshake is going to be enough. Hugs, kisses, and hand fives are for informal times where friends and family are present. “How do you do?”, “now then,” “ey up?” and “alright?” are some common phrases that you will hear in England.
These phrases are usually used by people who have a British accent and are confident in their language. Other than this, all the other things are pretty much the same as it happens in different cultures around the world.
The Family Framework
Since the beginning of time, families in England have usually been nuclear. The extended family lives separately, and gatherings on special occasions are a thing. Husband, wife, and children are typically identified as a nuclear family. However, the social norms are changing due to various things like divorce, remarriage, etc.
Single parents living with their children is also becoming a common thing in England. Although the standards for families keep on evolving, the relationships are highly valued. Supporting each other and helping each other grow is the fundamental of families prevailing there. Alongside, the families in England prefer to have smaller families rather than having joint families.
This lets the people live an economically sound life and live on their own terms. Also, children are taught to be independent at an early age so they can move out once they are adults. Several reports show that many adult children still live with their families because of economic pressure.
Earlier, women had children at a young age but this is not the case today. Now, women tend to wait till their early thirties to have their first child. Furthermore, the number of same-gender families is also increasing rapidly in England. This change started happening in 2015 when same-gender marriages were legalized. Clearly, things are evolving in this country like any other country.
Holidays and Fun
Custom laws set holidays in England. 1st January, New Year’s Day, is the first holiday of the year. Lent and Easter come in March or April. 23rd April is St. George’s Day but it is a day of significance and not a holiday. Good Friday also lies in the month of March or April. The 1st of May marks Mayday, which is a public holiday.
Spring bank holiday arrives on 31st May. Next, the summer bank holiday is on 30th August. Christmas, 25th December, is a public holiday followed by Boxing day on 26th December. The year ends with New Year’s Eve on the 31st of December. All the public holidays have existed for a long time.
The mentioned dates are of great value in England. Plus, there are some common holidays in thisculture, but some public holidays are different in England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland.
The 12th of July, Battle of the Boyne, is a significant date in Northern Ireland, but it is not in England. Moreover, the holidays are for everyone, irrespective of who practices what religion. Queen’s Birthday, 13th June is yet another valued date in the UK.
Similar to world history, gender roles are quite the same in England. Back in time, men were responsible for earning bread, whereas women stayed at home to take care of the house. With the changing times, women too are now stepping out of the house and acquiring higher positions in society. In recent times, equal opportunities have been given to both men and women.
Despite all these changes, women in England still earn 80% as compared to men. Moreover, in the 20th century, there was a spike in the number of married women working. This style shows how women’s growth is enhancing in the nation. When women started working initially, they were given lower status works or part-time jobs.
However, this is not the case now because women are going places and getting high-status jobs. Not only this, but the male-dominated jobs are being driven by women as well. Several Muslim and Jewish women are still in the domestic environment where they can’t work.
Some women have made bare minimum progress in society, whereas some are becoming the president of businesses. The gender roles are not the same as they were before, but they still exist.
Etiquette and Body Language
Etiquette keeps changing with time, but some social norms remain the same. British culture has some basic rules for greeting and meeting other people. If a person has academic titles, professional titles, or honorific titles, people can address others using these titles. However, this depends on the type of setting the individual is in.
Calling people by their nicknames in public places is not a usual thing here, and smiling and nodding is a common way of greeting people and a sign to continue the conversation. Posture, sitting, and walking styles are pretty much standard like the rest of the world.
In this culture, physical touch is for closed ones and is not appropriate for business meetings and other formal gatherings. General etiquette like waiting in line, whispering, and being polite is good manners. While going to a restaurant, a 10-15% tip is given to waiters mostly.
Fork and knife are held in left and right hands, respectively, and other table manners are the same. Modest exchange of gifts, paying for drinks and food, and thanking for services are part of the norm. Staring, shouting, and talking inappropriately are impolite in the culture.
British people are indirect communicators who can’t stand conflicts, and British culture supports peace over fights so things can get sorted by talking and not fighting. This indirect communication helps in not saying offending stuff to others that may cause a conflict. Also, the people of England are known as the most humble as well as honest.
If you find someone making self-deprecating jokes in the future, know that it is nothing new. Light-hearted jokes are a way of conversation to lighten the mood or approach somebody and remember not to cross a line while making any such jokes. Humour and sarcasm are usually a part of the conversation, and witty replies can prevent dull discussions.
Moreover, if you ever get a chance to go to England and you are unable to find out whether someone is kidding or not, assume that they are kidding most of the time. Since people residing there are highly patient, which makes them good listeners, don’t interrupt them while they speak.
Dissatisfaction in public can cause a wide array of problems, and everyone tends to avoid it. Expressing emotions through physical expressions is not always a thing in England.
Businesses in England are fair and decent means of working to enhance the work environment. If you wish to make a business meeting, then get an appointment several days before it, and waiting till the last moment to get things done is probably not a good idea in England.
Written medium is still very important in this place, and work cultures appreciate the written application. Reaching the meetings on time or a few minutes early is professionalism. Especially if you are leading a meeting, then start it on time. Introductions with business cards are a common thing in this culture.
Small talk is healthy in work environments where you can make conversations but not about private matters. People of England believe in improving their moods before any discussion, and therefore, they often indulge in sarcastic comments or pass appropriate jokes. Just like any other work culture, businesses in England want to be under control to ensure smooth functionality.
Every business is based on carefully curated statistics and figures to avoid boasting and making unnecessary claims. Disagreement is also not done openly, and it is made explicit via sarcastic comments. This not only controls the situation but also the sentiments of other parties are not hurt.
In the UK, one can see a world of difference in people’s accents. The British accent is highly popular around the globe, and people identify it as soon as they hear it. Plus, the accent is one prominent thing that can separate the people of England from the rest of the world. The accents are made up of more than 37 dialects.
Moreover, dialects vary from person to person and tell which part of the country the people belong to. Since the accent is different in several regions, only the people of England are aware of all dialects. If you ever hit England, then you won’t be able to make out the type of dialects.
For instance, Cockney’s dialect is one of the most popular dialects in this culture. You can notice that the sound of ‘th’ changes to the sound of ‘f’ in this dialect. Estuary English, Yorkshire, and Northern Irish are some other famous dialects in England.
Scottish, Brummie, Scouse, and Geordie are dialects that can identify the regions where people come from. Mastering the British accent can be a task, but you can achieve it by practicing enough.
The Media Excellence
Like every other culture, British culture has snake media outlets. Some of the media channels are popular in the world because English is spoken and understood in most countries. The BBC is the most significant and oldest radio as well as television broadcasting channel of England. Furthermore, the channels of the BBC are not only in England but also in several parts of the world.
Apart from this, the BBC radio network broadcasts in more than 33 languages. Plus, the newspapers are of very high quality and contain serious information as to what is happening within a country and around the world. All the news about businesses and other things can easily be spotted in the newspapers to understand better.
Catching up with the latest news is extremely important to become self-aware and make small conversations with someone. The Sun, The Daily Telegraph, The Times, and Financial Times are some of the popular newspapers of this culture.
Apart from newspapers, magazines are given great importance as well. No matter what, writing is not a dead medium in England which is a great thing. Magazines like The Economist are famous worldwide, so England is known for that.
Morals and Values
The specific set of British values are taught to everyone in the nation. If we talk about the first principle or importance of the British structure, then it is democracy. It gives people the right to speak and voice their opinions. Elections can be held within schools or other institutions to elect a body to run the organization smoothly.
Next, the rule of law states that every citizen must abide by the regulations to contribute to a better living environment. Laws are made for governing and protecting the rights of other citizens. If the rules are broken, then there are several consequences to it. People of England can make individual choices and live their life on their terms.
Everyone makes informed choices that will not affect any other person or organization negatively. Mutual respect is taught to kids in school and is also practiced by adults in businesses. All things work on mutual respect, and without it, society fails as a whole.
People in England can freely choose any religion and start practicing it. There is more focus on creating a culturally diverse society. Undoubtedly, England is a multicultural region where people can follow anything that they want.
Class System of UK
The class system in this culture was once prevalent, but gradually, it got eliminated. It is not that the class system is completely gone because some part of it still exists. Initially, the class system was a matter of pride, and that is how people distinguish themselves from one another. Back in time, the occupation of the people decided which class they truly belonged to.
White collars and blue collars were an essential part of the system. Times are changing in England as society is evolving. Although there are no class systems now, people still distinguish each other based on their education, jobs, and social status.
However, this is the case in every country or region, so today, the class system is present. Also, the British values emphasize giving equal opportunity to everyone so all can strive for excellence. Bragging about money, social status, or any other thing is usually frowned upon in England.
People who consider themselves upper class never indulge in conversations where they can boast about their success. Furthermore, the residents of England highly believe in minding one’s own business and not interfering in other people’s matters that can cause discomfort to them.
No one could deny the fact people in England know how to play with the beats in a real way. The folk dances of England represent the ancient rituals of death, birth, war and rebirth. Morris dance, sword dance, and country dance are some of the popular folk dance forms of the locality. In the 17th century, stage dances became very popular, which were solely for the entertainment of the upper class.
From the 18th to the 20th century, ballet and dancing masters came into existence and became a prominent part of the dance culture. The Royal Ballet and Dance Rambert began from here and later evolved as dance forms. After the 20th century, dance came to light as a career. This country has given the world some of the finest artists of dance. More than that, Rapper Sword, Morris Dance, Square Dance, Barn dances, Ceilidh are the main dance forms of England.
How can we miss mentioning Alesha Dixon and Keith Finch because these two are world-famous dancers that belong straight to the UK culture.
Music and Other Genres of Arts
Pop music is literally the lifeblood for Britishers. According to research data, 70 percent of the UK people are totally into pop music. Apart from all other famous music styles are Rock music, Jazz music, Blues music, and Soul music. Also, traditional folk UK music takes into account the fiddle, melodeon, accordion, and squeezebox.
Moving on, you must have seen the adorable art pieces of copper but do you know that it all started in England? Yes, copper artwork is the first thing that brought an art revolution in this culture. After that, the work of jewelry making through beautiful stones and gold came in trend. Additionally, the Romans introduced glasswork and mosaic art in order to extend the scope of handmade pieces.
Not just that but the England culture is filled with colorful performing arts like theatre, comedy, life drama, folk arts, and a lot more. People of England have already established the benchmarks on the edges of the painting, sketching, digital coloring, writing, crafting, singing, acting, and sculpting.
Besides all this, England has earned a separate recognition in the area of motion pictures too. Reportedly, the country produces the maximum number of movies. The legends of cinema, none other than the Lumière brothers introduced the craft of cinema to the whole world in 1892, and ever since then, this culture kept coming forward with the best bunch of on-screen arts.
Final Words about England Culture
United Kingdom culture is known for its fast-paced environment and dedication towards work. Carrying broad mindsets while never interrupting others’ business is the best side of the respective culture. All in all, UK culture is one of the most magnificent when it comes to going through the right exploration.
Frequently Asked Questions about England Culture
Yes, the England Culture is defined by the cultural sub-sets of England plus English people. England has its own vivid culture.
The traditional culture of England found its root in the customs and rituals of Afro-Caribbeans, Asians, Muslims, and other immigrants. Due to this, the traditional England culture became entirely homogeneous.
Greeting people with hugs, sipping tea most of the time, wearing hats as main attire, dancing through the beats of cha cha cha, and celebrating life king size are the prominent customs and traditions of England.
Individual liberty, democracy, mutual respect, and tolerance are the main cultural values of England.
The culture of London is based on music, dance, festivals, museums, economy, and the spirit to celebrate the essence of life in the best possible way.