India will celebrate its 75th year of independence on August 15. It was 74 years ago, on the same day in 1947, that India made a transition from colonial subjugation to freedom. It emerged as an independent nation state. Though India is a modern nation, it embodies an ancient and rich 5,000-year-old civilization in its essentially pluralistic socio-cultural fabric. Over more than seven decades, sometimes the intrinsic values of India’s ancient civilization have complemented the growth of this modern nation and sometimes impeded it. On occasions, India of today presents the best of ancient and modern, at others it presents the worst of both. In socio-cultural terms India presents a dichotomy of sorts and there are different niche sections of India who live in different centuries (in terms of thinking and values) at the same time.