Try This Traditional Goan Delicacy – Kalka

Kalkal is a sweet, fried Goan delicacy that looks a lot like twisted doughnuts. It’s often referred as as kidiyos too, as it looks a lot like worms.

Image credits: Wikimedia Commons

Kalkal is a traditional delicacy that originated in Goa, India. It’s essentially a pastry that’s been fried to tasty perfection. This pastry is derived from ingredients such as coconut milk, flour, and eggs. Kalkal dough is molded into tiny balls, before it’s transformed into a longer more flatter shape, and then twirled or curled. Kulkul are prepared at Christmas by Indian Christians. The delicacy also forms part of the treats Indians give as gifts to neighbors and friends during Christmas time. Kulkul treats are also often referred to as kidiyos, which translates to “worm”. The reason for this reference is that kulkuls resemble caterpillars.

You can leave the shade of your fried kulkuls as is, or you may use food coloring to dye it in your favorite color, seeing that colors are more festive. So how exactly does one make kalkal? Here are some recipes on how to make kalkal to serve as delicious Christmas treats. 

Steps on How to Make Kalkal 

You’ll need the following ingredients to make kalkal.

  • A pinch of salt 
  • A fork to design a pattern on the kalkal 
  • 2 cups of cooking oil 
  • Some icing sugar 
  • 80 grams of soft butter 
  • 110 ml of coconut milk
  • The white of an egg
  • 250 grams of flour 
  • 2 teaspoons of vanilla extract 

Kalkal Recipe Method

Practice the following steps when putting this scrumptious delicacy together. 

  1. Always sieve your flour to prevent clumps, and add your salt to taste.
  2. Heat your butter and add it to your mixture.
  3. Meld the flour with the rest of the mixture so it takes on a breadcrumb-like consistency and appearance.
  4. Add the white of the egg you’ve already separated.
  5. Add your vanilla extract.
  6. Meld the mixture, and let it stand for approximately 25 minutes. 
  7. It’s time to design your kalkal! To do so, make a ball with the dough, and place a fork on there, so it becomes thinner.
  8. Note that you don’t have to create the twisty shape, and that you can create any mold you want. 
  9. Turn on your stove top on a medium heat setting.
  10. Place a deep frying pan on the stove and deep fry all your kalkals. 
  11. Be sure to fry these until they are a nice light brownish hue.
  12. If you want to add a sugary touch to these delicacies, you’ll need to sift some icing sugar over them.  

An Alternative Kalkal Recipe

For this alternative kalkal recipe, you will need the following ingredients. 

  • 4 tablespoons of water 
  • A pound of flour 
  • 2 eggs 
  • A teaspoon of baking powder 
  • 2 teaspoons of diced soft butter 
  • ¼ cup of icing sugar 
  • Cooking oil to fry these deep fried treats 
  • ¾ or full cup of creamy coconut milk 

Steps Necessary for This Kalkal Recipe

The following is a guide on the method you should use for this recipe. 

  1. Get a huge bowl.
  2. Meld your baking powder and flour well.
  3. Add small amounts of your butter gradually to the flour mixture.
  4. Whisk your eggs, before adding it to the rest of your mix.
  5. Add your coconut milk and icing sugar.
  6. Knead this until it reaches a supple doughy consistency.
  7. Create tiny rolls and place it onto a flat surface.
  8. Take a fork and place it on each roll to flatten each ball or roll. 
  9. The shape you should be creating with your fork on each roll should be rectangular.
  10. It’s time to heat some oil on medium heat in your frying pan.
  11. Once the oil has been heated, you may start frying your kulkuls.
  12. Once all the kulkuls are nice and brown, you may remove them from your frying pan.
  13. You should always drain all the excess oil from these.
  14. Once drained, allow these delicacies to drain on some parchment paper.

For the Syrup

For the syrup, you need to follow these steps. 

  1. Get a different pan and place your water and sugar in there. Be sure to cook your water until the sugar has dissolved completely, and you see the water thicken into a syrup. 
  2.  Place all your kulkuls into the syrup. Be sure to immerse these in the syrup completely.
  3. Take all the kulkuls out of the oil and drain.
  4. Place in a plate. You’ll start to see sugary bits drying on these delicacies the longer it stands on the plate. 
  5. You may store the kalkal in an airtight dish for up to 7 days, or serve these immediately to your guests. 

Making Kalkal with Semolina 

The following is another kalkal recipe. Be sure to gather these ingredients.

  • Water for melding your dough 
  • The whites of 2 eggs
  • 2 cups of flour 
  • ½ cup of rava or semolina 
  • Salt 
  • 1/3 cup of ghee
  • Frosting sugar 

Method Used

  1. Get a large bowl and meld all your ingredients, except your cooking oil, as the oil is used for frying the kulkuls. 
  2. You may slowly start to add water a little bit at a time, all the while forming a dough.
  3. Once you’ve kneaded the dough thoroughly, be sure to let it stand for 30 minutes, and don’t forget to cover it adequately as well. 
  4. When designing your curls, take some of the dough, and press a fork into it, until it’s flattened and in an elongated shape. 
  5. You may now use the rest of the dough to make more kulkuls by applying the same method.
  6. Take out your kadai, place some oil in there, and heat it. 
  7. Take up to 10 kulkuls and fry it in your kadai. 
  8. Place some paper towels on a table.
  9. Remove the kalkuls from the kadai, and place them on the towels so it can drain properly.
  10. Sift some sugared powder over it, or serve as is. 
  11. Note that these recipes are just a few variations of this treat, and that you can make this without eggs as well. 


How long can I store kalkal?

You may store kalkal for up to a week in an airtight dish.

Can I use jaggery instead of sugar when preparing kalkal?

Yes, you may use jaggery instead of sugar when making kalkal.