Skin Care Routine
There are a number of aspects to consider when developing the best skin care routine for your Indian or South Asian skin type. It takes a number of steps to achieve clear and youthful skin, and it’s important that we pay close attention to the condition of our skin. After all, our skin is used to protect our body from the different pathogens and germs that are in our environment. It can also help us with temperature regulation, water retention, insulating our body and synthesizing vitamin D. Along with eating right and exercising, skin care is a priority that contributes to our overall health. If our skin doesn’t look healthy, then we may not be as healthy as we would like.
A good skin care routine encompasses seven different practices that should be followed on a regular basis. This routine can help treat breakouts and damage, prevent issues and minimize the effects of aging. Depending on your skin type, you made need to change certain aspects of your skin care routine as you see fit. Let’s take a look at the seven key points of a daily skin care routine.
What is a Simple Skincare Routine?
The daily steps that you take to care for your skin don’t have to be complicated or overly involved. The important thing is that you find a routine and stick with it. It’s not going to be beneficial to invest a bunch of money in a line of products that are just going to sit on your bathroom counter each day collecting dust. Taking care of your skin should become as routine as brushing your teeth. Once you get into a routine, make sure that you’re utilizing your steps and products at certain points in the day. You’ll eventually be motivated to continue your routine when you see how positively your skin is going to react.
What are the Seven Steps of Skin Care?
1. Remove Your Makeup Each Night before Bed
One of the worst habits that women have is not removing their makeup completely before they go to sleep at night. There’s never an instance when your makeup shouldn’t be removed in its entirety. It’s understandable that you’re tired and looking to get some rest as quickly as possible, but your skin will pay for this bad habit. Cleaning a face with makeup on it is basic hygiene etiquette.
Pay attention to what products you’re using to remove your makeup. You shouldn’t start scrubbing away with an abrasive washcloth that could be too rough on your skin. You can purchase makeup remover wipes, micellar water, a cleanser that’s designed for removing makeup, etc. Figure out what works best for your face without drying your skin, and this can become part of your routine. If you’re using a makeup remover product on its own, use something soft like a cotton ball to remove your makeup.
As a general rule of thumb, make sure that you’re always applying your makeup to a clean face in the morning. You should clean your makeup brushes regularly to prevent the growth of bacteria that can get transferred to your skin. Your makeup should also be replaced regularly, as makeup can harbor bacteria as well.
2. Cleansing Your Face
Your face should be washed daily at least twice. The best time to do this is once in the morning when you first get up and at night before bed. If you have extremely oily skin or you are working out / sweating in the middle of the day, you may need to add another wash into your skin care regimen.
A simple skin care routine uses a gentle cleanser that is designed to keep your skin clean and clear without the use of harsh chemicals or ingredients. Make sure that the product which you choose is going to provide your specific skin type with what it needs. This can be moisture, blemish control or anti-aging ingredients. Here’s a breakdown of what you should be looking for in a cleanser based on your skin type.
An oil-based face wash can help gently clean your skin without stripping away its natural oils. A non-comedogenic oil cleanser that has an ingredient like argan oil or olive oil is generally tolerated by people with sensitive skin.
Skin That is Prone to Acne or Breakouts
It’s really important that your skin gets really clean when you are prone to breaking out. A foaming cleanser will work hard to break down any oil or dirt that’s on the surface of your skin, while getting deep down into those pores to give you a deep clean.
A cream cleanser will remove bacteria and dirt from the skin without further drying you out. Some of the common ingredients in a cream cleanser are glycerin, and oil of some sort, shea butter, jojoba oil, etc. When you follow a cream cleanser up with your daily moisturizer, you’ll be able to maintain a healthy moisture barrier.
Cleansers can be formulated to provide additional assistance with reversing the signs of aging. Anti-aging face cleansers contain typical ingredients to clean the skin, but they can also include ingredients like hyaluronic acid, retinol and antioxidants.
If you have trouble getting your skin clean when you wash it despite switching the cleanser you’re using, you may want to add something like micellar water to your routine before washing. Micellar water is designed to attract oil and dirt using surfactant molecules. It won’t dry out your skin, but it will get deep down into your pores to get rid of that stubborn oil and dirt.
3. Moisturizing Your Skin
Moisturizing is something that everyone should do for every skin type. People with oily skin tend to think that this is a step that they should remove from their skincare steps, but this isn’t the case. It just comes down to choosing the right moisturizer based on your skin type.
You should moisturize your skin once in the morning before you apply your makeup for the day, and you should moisturize before bed. You may want to purchase a different product for nighttime use and utilize something else in the morning. Your morning moisturizer should be lightweight and absorbed easily. This will make it easier to apply makeup over the top of your layer of hydration. Day creams also protect your skin from UV radiation that you may encounter when you’re outdoors, along with damage from pollution. Your night cream will repair damage while you rest.
A separate moisturizer around your eyes may be necessary if you have sensitive skin or would like to add layers of anti-aging protection to your routine.
Different types of moisturizer exist for different skin types. Let’s look at some of the most common varieties.
The thicker a product is, the better it will be for very dry skin. You want something that’s not going to immediately get absorbed or dry on the skin’s surface. A cream product will generally have a higher oil content to it, making it heavier than your average lotion.
A gel moisturizer works really well for oily skin. It will be absorbed into the skin very quickly thanks to how lightweight it is, but you won’t have to worry about it clogging your pores.
A balm is something you can use for extremely dry patches or very dry skin in general. It also works well if your skin is inflamed and sensitive. Just be careful if you’re prone to breakouts, balms can clog your pores.
4. Focus on Hydration
We don’t want to sound repetitive, but hydrating your skin is really important. While you can apply different products to address dry skin from a topical perspective, you need to focus on how much water you’re consuming each day to keep your skin supple and soft. It’s recommended that you drink somewhere between six to eight glasses of water each day, but you can increase that number to ten glasses each day. You can substitute tea, fresh fruit juices and fruit-infused water. This is in addition to eating plenty of fruits and vegetables that have a high water content.
Signs that your body and skin aren’t hydrated enough can include your face / eyes looking and feeling puffier than normal, your lips and skin are very dry / peeling, your skin feels tight and your skin isn’t healing as quickly as it should.
Since we’re on the topic of water, we should mention that the water you use for bathing, showering and washing your face is important. You should never use extremely hot or cold water on your skin, and you should limit exposure to about five minutes. Especially in the winter months, our skin can get very dry and irritated from too long of baths or showers. You should also stick to washing certain areas of your body with soap (armpits, groin) and forgo the rest of your body. This will help you maintain a natural layer of oil on your skin.
5. Exfoliate On a Routine Basis
Exfoliation is an important part of an ordinary skincare routine. This process removes the dead skin cells that are on our skin, making way for new growth and the production of more collagen. If you don’t exfoliate, you can experience more frequent breakouts, flaky / dry skin and dull looking skin.
Exfoliation doesn’t have to be harsh in order to be successful. You should look for a gentle exfoliating cleanser or scrub that you use a couple of time per week as part of your skin care routine. To add some extra power behind your exfoliating product, think about investing in a rotating face brush. These brushes are usually made from very soft materials, so they will exfoliate your skin without damaging it.
Always make sure that you moisturize after your exfoliate, and don’t repeat the process too frequently.
6. Use a Toner Each Day
Toner is a product that a lot of people skip as part of their skin routine, but this is actually really important. A toner is used to balance the pH and moisture level of your skin, which can help to promote glowing skin. After you’ve cleaned your skin, there can often be some impurities left behind. A toner will make quick work of that leftover oil and debris. Not to mention, you can choose a toner that will hydrate, control breakouts or help to prevent aging. The long term benefits of toner include your skin rebuilding and replenishing itself.
Is Rose Water a Toner?
Rose water is made from the Damask Rose flower by distilling its petals with steam. It’s been used for centuries thanks to its vast benefits, and you may want to add it to your basic skincare routine. It is applied to the face and neck after you have cleansed your skin. It will remove any dead skin cells or dirt that has been left behind by your cleanser. Even the best cleansers can’t remove everything in all situations. This also prepares your skin for anything that you’re about to apply to your skin, like a moisturizer.
The nice thing about rose water is that it’s really gentle and natural. Not to mention, it smells lovely. It does a good job of making your skin healthy, but it doesn’t dry your skin out like a toner that has harsh ingredients. Alcohol is a common ingredient in a lot of the cheaper toner products, and alcohol can really damage and dry out your skin if you’re not careful. Rose water also has antibacterial and antioxidant properties that help to improve your skin’s barrier. Other natural ingredients that are beneficial in a toner are green tea, glycerin or chamomile.
7. Provide Your Skin with Sun Protection
The warm weather months are wonderful times of the year that often include a lot of time outdoors. When you expose your skin to the sun, UV radiation can cause a lot of damage. Not to mention, you may notice that you skin is a lot drier. You can prevent damaging sunburn, skin cancer and changes in your skin’s collagen structure by wearing sunscreen on a regular basis. You don’t necessarily have to apply sunscreen as part of your skin care routine steps, but choosing a moisturizer with SPF protection will do the trick. An SPF of 30 is the minimum you should be using, but increasing your protection to an SPF of 50 is optimal. This gives you ample protection against UV and UVB radiation. The breakdown of SPF is as follows:
-UVB rays can be blocked 93 percent of the time using SPF 15
-UVB rays can be blocked 97 percent of the time using SPF 30
-UVB rays can be blocked 98 percent of the time using SPF 50
The SPF that you choose also has to do with your skin type. If you have sensitive or fair skin, you’re more prone to sun damage. You should opt for a higher SPF concentration in this case. Pay attention to the other ingredients in your skincare products that contain SPF. You can do more harm than good if you’re paying close attention to the SPF concentration instead of the other ingredients. Stay away from harsh chemicals like octinoxate, zinc oxide, padimate, dioxybenzone, oxybenzone and titanium dioxide.
Sun exposure can also lead to premature signs of aging. You can still get your vitamin D while protecting your skin, as well as enjoy the nice weather outside while being able to look your best.
How Can I Get Flawless Skin Using This Routine?
Flawless skin can’t always be achievable, but you can get pretty close when you’re using the right skincare routine. Consistency is incredibly important. Many people get started with a routine that follows these seven steps, but they end up skipping something like exfoliation, applying toner or protecting their skin against the sun’s harmful rays. When this happens, breakouts are more common, the skin around your eyes may start to reflect dark circles or bags, and you may start to see some fine lines and wrinkles developing as you age. The same routine should be followed each day, using the same products.
Keep in mind, your product selection may change periodically. Whether you can’t obtain a specific product anymore or your skin doesn’t seem to be reacting as positively anymore, you can switch your options a bit. Just make sure that you’re giving your skin enough time to get used to a product before you change something else. It’s not recommended that you start a whole new product line without trying one of the items first. You never know when you might show signs of an allergic reaction, or you could experience a breakout from new products. It’s a lot easier to avoid one product that’s bothering you than trying to figure out from a lineup of five products what the problem is.
How Diet Contributes to Your Skin’s Health
People often neglect diet when it comes to the health of their skin and their skin care routine. There is a common saying that states “You are what you eat”. This couldn’t be more true of a statement. If you are eating highly processed foods that are high in fat, cholesterol and refined sugars, your skin is going to experience more breakouts, a higher production of sebum and it may be puffier. A diet that is high in salt can cause your skin to retain fluids, which can also make your face look puffy or unhealthy.
The best diet plan that you can follow for flawless skin includes lean protein (fish, chicken), lots of fruits and veggies that have high antioxidant concentrations (kiwi, broccoli, greens, peppers, berries), whole grains and healthy oils / fats. Stay away from the sweet treats (an occasional cheat is ok). Dairy products can bother a lot of people, causing an increase in eczema or itchy skin, so consume them with caution.
Alcohol consumption is something that you should stay away from as well. An occasional night out is alright, but consuming alcohol can dry out your skin. It can increase the likelihood of waking up with bags under your eyes the next morning. It’s generally just not very good for your body. The same goes for smoking. Smoking can damage your skin from a topical perspective, but it’s very unhealthy for your skin from the inside out as well. The toxins that are in cigarettes can damage the collagen and elastin of your skin. People who smoke regularly tend to develop signs of aging much sooner than people who do not. If you’re trying to avoid fine lines around your eyes and mouth, smoking is definitely something that you want to eliminate from your lifestyle.
Don’t forget to exercise on a regular basis. Working out for at least 30 minutes, for four days each week can help boost your lymphatic system. Your lymphatic system can prevent breakouts and skin infections by circulating white blood cells throughout your entire body. If you’ve ever been an avid exerciser, then you know you can sometimes experience a post-workout glow on your skin. This is attributed to the increased blood flow that occurs on the surface of your skin when you’re getting your heart rate up.
If you are experiencing a breakout on your face, working out is a great way to cleanse your body from the inside out. Just make sure that you wash your skin after you’ve gotten a good sweat on. Leaving that sweat on your skin will lead to a large development of bacteria that causes breakouts by accumulating and clogging up your pores. Make sure you’re using a good antibacterial cleanser after a workout that contains antioxidants or natural ingredients that are designed to remove bacteria from your skin while hydrating and refreshing.
Seven steps can lead to the best skin care routine possible. Seven steps are actually very easy to incorporate into your daily routine. Once you know what products you’re using and what order you need to use them in, you can fly through your routine in just minutes. It’s a good idea to complete your morning routine as soon as you wake up. This gives your skin plenty of time to absorb any moisturizers or serums you put on your skin before you put your makeup on. Your nighttime skin routine should be done right before bed, and make sure that you complete the entire best skincare routine for optimal results.
You can always reach out to a trusted and reputable dermatologist in your area if you’re having issues with your skin that over-the-counter products just aren’t scratching the surface of. There may be a need for stronger products that can better control your breakouts, even if you just use them during the times of the month when you’re more prone to acne. Dermatologists understand the importance of a routine that focuses on healthy skin, and they can help you figure out what your skin type is so you can better choose the products that you’re using.