The Various Types of Elegant & Beautiful Pearls

Sep/14/2021 / by Team SEEMA
different types of pearls

You should know about the various types of pearls available. This article will guide you on the kinds of pearls you might like.

Pearls, sometimes known as teardrops from the moon, have long been admired for their beauty and unique entry into the world. Mollusks produce them when an irritant becomes lodged in their shells. As a defense strategy, the organism forms layer upon layer of a fluid called nacre around the irritant. The lovely glossy pearls are composed of layers of nacre. They are the earliest known diamonds and were formerly thought to be among the most precious until they could be grown or farmed. Pearls are classified into four kinds and exist in a range of forms, colors, and sizes.

Let’s face it: buying pearls may be a daunting experience. Who can choose between various forms, sizes, colors, overtones, and origins? Here’s our guide to determining which pearl jewelry is ideal for you!

Only a few things can encounter the beauty and scarcity of a pearl. Pearls have a distinct look that few other gemstones can match. They are iridescent, silky, and perfectly spherical.

At the first look, it might seem that all pearls are the same. However, as first-time purchasers may learn via their study, there are many distinct kinds of pearls, each with a different value, look, and production. Today, we’ll look at the most prevalent kinds of pearls you should be aware of.

Natural Pearls

different types of pearls

Natural pearls, as the name suggests, develop in the wild without the intervention of humans. These pearls develop within freshwater mussels or saltwater oysters as a consequence of a biological defense mechanism when an external organism penetrates the shell. To seal the irritant, the mollusk develops nacre, a mineral sac comprised of calcium carbonate and conchiolin. The nacre layers eventually combine to create a stunning natural pearl.

Natural pearling is no longer prevalent, with cultivated pearls gaining in popularity.

Cultured Pearls

different types of pearls

Cultured pearls, as opposed to natural pearls, are produced in more controlled settings by pearl farmers. Pearl farmers induce the mollusk to create a pearl sac by implanting mantle tissue from a donor shell. Cultured pearls vary from wild pearls in that they may have various color characteristics and have a solid center rather than concentric growing rings. When compared to natural pearls, cultured pearls are more consistent in shape and size.

There is a widespread misunderstanding that cultivated pearls are identical to fake pearls. The reality is that cultivated pearls are not fake pearls since they are created utilizing the same organic processes as natural pearls.

Cultured pearls include all of the pearl varieties listed below.

Freshwater Pearls

Freshwater pearls (also known as cultivated freshwater pearls) are derived from freshwater mussels and therefore are graded according to their luster, shape, and color. While freshwater pearls are often purchased in their shells, they are also cleaned and bleached in factories before being refined with cornmeal and wax. Freshwater pearls were traditionally produced in Japan and the United States, but the bulk is now manufactured in China.

Saltwater Pearls

different types of pearls

Saltwater pearls are pearls made by oysters in saline seas, oceans, and gulfs. Typically, saltwater pearls are created by implanting a graft of the saltwater shell into the oyster’s mantle or gonad, with a bead serving as the nucleus. Akoya, Tahitian, as well as South Sea pearls are very popular saltwater pearls.

Akoya Pearls

Akoya pearls are among the most famous and valuable pearl varieties, renowned for their flawless form and radiance. In fact, many people believe that Akoya pearls are brighter and bigger than any other cultivated pearl. Akoya pearls, a specialty of Japanese pearl farms, were traditionally cultivated in the 1920s. Akoya pearls are now fashionable for earrings and necklaces.

Tahitian Pearls

The other pearls on this list are white or light in color, while Tahitian pearls are iridescent black. Tahitian pearls are one of the finest and most expensive in the world, owing mainly to their cultivation method. Tahitian pearls, unlike some other pearls that may be mass-produced, can only be cultivated one at a time. Tahitian pearls are now more frequent than South Sea pearls while being rarer than Akoya and freshwater pearls.

South Sea Pearls

different types of pearls

South Sea pearls are the finest and biggest pearls on this list, and they are distinguished by their golden luster. A South Sea pearl must be generated by the Pinctada maxima pearl oyster, according to the GIA. Although the rare oyster may be found across Northwestern Australia, the coveted golden pearls are more prevalent in the Philippines and Indonesia. The South Sea pearl is the most expensive pearl kind due to its distinguishing characteristics, such as size and scarcity.

FAQs On The Different Types of Pearls

Which type of pearl is most expensive?

Akoya pearls may only grow to be around 9 or 10 millimeters in diameter, while South Sea pearls with black Tahitian pearls can grow to be about 15 or 16 millimeters in diameter. South Sea pearls and black pearls are the most expensive kind of pearls due to their greater size.

What is the best type of pearl?

– Akoya Pearls: These pearls are among the best-cultured pearls on the market today.
– Freshwater Pearls: Cultured freshwater pearls are mostly found in China and are often sold without a bead center (making them quite durable).

What types of pearls exist?

– Akoya pearls
– South Sea
– Tahitian Pearls
– Keshi Pearls
– Chinese Freshwater Pearls
– Mabe Pearls
– Blister Pearls
– Seed Pearls

What are the four types of pearls?

– Freshwater pearls
– Akoya pearls
– Tahitian black pearls
– South Sea pearls

Which pearl is the rarest?

The Melo Melo Pearl is the world’s rarest pearl, a natural, non-nacreous pearl produced by a sea snail rather than an oyster. In the light, its vibrant surface glitters with a spark or swirling patterns.


With the development of cultured pearls, greater control over the pearl manufacturing process and the final appearance of different pearl varieties has become possible. Do you prefer a less traditional pearl jewelry piece? Then a Tahitian pearl may be right for you. Perhaps you prefer a more traditional pearl earring; in this situation, an Akoya pearl might just be the right choice. Regardless of whatever you like, it’s always recommended to keep track of the trending jewelry, and integrate it in your own style! To learn more about different types of stones and jewelry materials, keep reading Seema.


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